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What Causes The Different Skin Types

February 16, 2015
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When it comes to skin types, there are four different varieties and two base groups: dry/normal and oily/combination. Knowing exactly what your skin type is can help with establishing a proper skincare and makeup regimen that caters to your specific issues and make them more effective. But, just because you’re a certain skin type now, doesn’t mean that cannot change over time. As we get older our bodies change, and that includes your skin as well. While you can’t change nature, you can identify your skin type by looking at a few factors and what exactly causes them to take out any sort of guesswork as to why you are perhaps oily or combo, or Sahara desert dry. 

Prominent factors that decide a skin type includes:

Oil (fancy word; Lipid) – this affects the texture and skin’s nutrition;
Water – affects elasticity;
Sensitivity – affects your skin’s tolerance for ingredients;

Causing factors that decide a skin type includes:

Oily

Skin becomes oily when your skin glands (sebaceous glands) produce too much sebum (oil or lipids), causing the oil to secrete out of your pores and sit on top of your skin because it’s unable to process the excess oil.  Especially in younger people, things like hormones or stress can trigger this very common skin condition, but genetics can also be at play here.

How to treat oily skin: Stay away from pore-clogging makeup products and heavy cleansers or creams and serums. Opt for products that contain the “noncomedogenic” label and use gentle skincare products only twice a day.


Combination

A very frustrating skin type to have, it’s an indecisive manifestation of where the oil glands are more active in the general T-zone area, and the rest of the face is rather normal. Underlying causes for combination skin are very different for each individual. Most of the times it are genetics, other times it’s you using the wrong product for your specific skin type that contains irritating ingredients, stimulating the sebum production in the already active areas and further drying the areas not affected by overly active oil glands.

How to treat combination skin: Stop using products not meant for your skin type. Opt for gentle face cleansers and lightweight formulas in creams, serums. Toner can balance skin, for combination type stay away from the harsh acne fighting ingredients like Witch Hazel, Salicylic acid, any sort of alcohol and citrus oils.


Dry

Genetics, age and even the weather are some of the leading causes in dry skin. When skin does not produce enough lipids and water it manifests through a drying complexion which usually causes flakes, patches, premature aging, among other typical conditions synonymous with dryness. The already uncomfortable issue can be aggravated by being tended to improperly, like too much cleansing or being exposed to scorching temps, even when indoors. 

How to treat dry skin: Stay away from harsh ingredients, using mild/gentle-based products only. Use a light hand when cleansing the face and take shorter showers. Also, ramp up the moisture factor by choosing products high in hydration levels, your skin out of all needs the richest form of moisturization known to Man.


Normal

Blessed is a good word to describe the normal skin type, this means your body produces the right levels of oil and water.


I’m fortunate enough to fall under the Normal skin type. What skin type are you?

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